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Canada’s Early Women Writers
Author Biographies in CEWW
Born in Glasgow, Scotland, Catherine MacNiven immigrated to Canada around 1845 and issued her only volume of poems in Ingersoll, ON.
Catherine Sonego Sutton
An Ojibwa woman who married an Englishman, Catherine Sonego Sutton (Nahnebahwequay) became well known as an advocate of Indigenous rights.
Catherine de Vaux MacKinnon
Member of a well-educated and literary family, Catherine de Vaux MacKinnon published some poetry in periodicals.
Best known as an artist, Cecilia MacKinnon published one volume of poetry.
Cecilia McNaughton's publications related to her work as a temperance and and suffrage advocate in British Columbia.
Cecilia Viets Dakin Jamison
Born in Nova Scotia, Cecilia Viets Jamison spent most her life in the United States where she became a well-known author of fiction for children.
Montrealer Celeste Belnap published several poems in 1930 in a periodical edited by her sister, Jane Belnap.
During the 1840s and 1850s, Celia Eddy published her poetry in the newspapers of St. Catharines, ON.
After the death of her husband, painter Charles Wyatt Eaton, Charlotte Eaton published books in various genres.
Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna
Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna was a prolific British author of religious tracts and children’s stories. The Newfoundland Fishermen (1835) was inspired by her years as a military wife in Nova Scotia,...
Charlotte Elizabeth Whitton
Best known for her tenure as mayor of Ottawa, Charlotte Whitton expressed her views on social and political issues in ten monographs and many newspaper columns.
Charlotte Führer worked as a midwife in Montreal where she self-published her only book, The Mysteries of Montreal: Being Recollections of a Female Physician in 1881.
Charlotte Geddie Harrington
From her home in Halifax, NS, Charlotte Geddie Harrington edited the Message, the major periodical of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society.
Charlotte Grant MacIntyre
A lifelong resident of Middlesex County, ON, Charlotte Grant MacIntyre published one volume of poetry.
Charlotte Selina Bompas
Charlotte Bompas wrote several books about her experiences as a missionary in the Northwest Territories.
Born in England, Christina Willey immigrated to Saskatchewan, qualified as a pharmacist, and published her writings in the local newspapers and magazines. Her only book, Poems of Christina Willey,...
Christine Jenkins co-founded a pioneering newspaper for Black readers in Ontario and wrote much of its content.
Christine Lighthall Henderson
Christine Lighthall Henderson, member of an illustrious Montreal family, became a poet after the death of her husband.
Christine Van der Mark
Christine van der Mark wrote journalism, poetry and fiction, much of which depicted life in rural Alberta and showed her concern for the welfare of the Métis.
Claire Harris MacIntosh
A life-long resident of Nova Scotia, Claire Harris MacIntosh expressed her talents in many published genres, including poetry, drama, and music.
In addition to her radio career, Toronto journalist Claire Wallace published two books on etiquette.
Clara Armstrong spent most of her life in Saskatchewan, where she produced three collections of verse in the 1930s and 1940s.
Clara Bernhardt overcame numerous physical disabilities to forge a significant literary career as a poet and contributor to periodicals for children and adults.
Clara Brett Martin
The first female lawyer in both Canada and the British Empire, Clara Brett Martin published several items about women and the law.
Clara May Bell
While a student at the University of Alberta, Clara May Bell co-authored a musical in 1916, for which she also composed the score.
An art teacher by training, Clara Mountcastle also published poetry and fiction.
Clara Rothwell Anderson
Clara Emily Rothwell Anderson was best known for authoring more than a dozen light-hearted plays that were first produced as fund-raising events for the Ladies' Aid Societies of her husband's...
Based at York University in Toronto, Clara Thomas was a pioneer scholar of Canadian literature whose articles and books did much to establish the status of Canadian literary studies as a primary...
An active campaigner, Clementina Fessenden frequently published her views about maintaining Canada's ties with the British Empire.
Born in Halifax and later a resident of Montreal, Clotilda Jennings published one novel and several volumes of poetry.
A resident of Ottawa, ON, Constance Barbour was an active poet whose work appeared in many periodicals and was aired on CBC radio.
Constance Beresford-Howe commenced her writing career as an undergraduate at McGill University in Montreal and later became known for fiction that addresses many concerns of second-wave feminism.
Constance Davies Woodrow
Toronto-based poet Constance Davies Woodrow published extensively in magazines and issued many chapbooks of poetry between 1920 and her untimely death at the age of 38.
Constance Fairbanks Piers
Based in Halifax, NS, Constance Fairbanks Piers was a poet and cultural journalist.
Constance Lindsay Skinner
Born in British Columbia, Constance Lindsay Skinner developed a multi-facetted literary career in New York.
Constance Travers Sweatman
Author of three novels as well as poetry and a play, Constance Travers Sweatman spent much of her adult life in Manitoba, before moving to Toronto.
Constance Ward Harper
Constance Ward Harper issued three volumes of poetry, one of which earned her an award for its expression of patriotism.